父亲: Miroslav Subert
母亲: Jana Navratilova
婚姻: Julia Lemigova (十二月 15, 2014-当下)
Her parents divorced when she was young. She was raised by her stepfather, Mirek Navratil, and took his last name. He was her first tennis coach.
She plays tennis left-handed.
She holds the record for most Open Era 温网 championship wins with nine
, including six consecutive
She was one of the first openly gay sports figures
Sports Illustrated named her one of the “Top Forty Athletes of All-Time.”
1972 – Wins the Czech National Championship.
1975 – 在...的年龄 18, Navratilova defects to the United States.
1978 – Wins her first singles title at Wimbledon defeating 克里斯·埃弗特
. The duo goes on to meet in
80 matches over the course of
16 年份, and still maintain a close friendship
1978, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986 – Is named Player of the Year by the Women’s Tennis Association.
1981 – Becomes a naturalized citizen of the United States.
1983 – Wins her first 美国公开赛.
1985 – Releases her autobiography “Martina.”
1986 – Returns to Czechoslovakia for the first time to compete, for the United States, in a tennis match in Prague.
1991 – Ex-girlfriend Judy Nelson files a lawsuit in Texas after Navratilova refuses to honor what Nelson alleges is a “nonmarital cohabitation agreement” they both signed in 1986. They later settle out of court.
1992 – Breaks the tournament titles record with 158 titles, more than any other person.
1994 – Retires from playing singles having won 167 titles.
2003 – Becomes the oldest player to compete in the Fed Cup.
2004 – Participates in the 夏季奥运会 in Athens as the oldest tennis player
2006 – In her final Grand Slam, Navratilova competes at the US Open in the mixed-doubles championship match. After winning, she becomes the oldest player to win a Grand Slam title.
二月 24, 2010 – Is diagnosed with a non-invasive breast cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).
游行 15, 2010 – Undergoes a lumpectomy.
可能 12, 2010 – Begins radiation treatment at L’Institut Curie in Paris.
六月 5, 2010 – Competes in the senior women’s doubles at the 法国公开赛 and wins
游行 27, 2012 – Is eliminated as a contestant on “Dancing with the Stars.”
十二月 8, 2014 – Announces she will be joining the coaching team of Agnieszka Radwanska in 2015.
四月 24, 2015 – Steps down as the part-time coach of Radwanska after underestimating the time necessary to “make this a proper and good situation for both Agnieszka and me.”
六月 1, 2017 – Navratilova writes a public letter calling former Australian tennis player Margaret Court a
“racist and a homophobe
” after Court made a comment that tennis is
“full of lesbians.
二月 19, 2019 – Athlete Ally removes Navratilova from its advisory board following her article in The Sunday Times. The nonprofit states
, “As an organization dedicated to addressing root causes of homophobia and transphobia in and through sport
, we will only affiliate with those committed to the same goal
, and not those who further misinformation or discrimination in any way.
游行 3, 2019 – In a post on her website, Navratilova apologizes for the controversy caused by her February 17 article. She writes that she was
, “not suggesting that transgender athletes in general are cheats.
” She acknowledges that she does not have all the answers concerning physical advantages transgender athletes may have in some women’s sports
. She calls for debate based on
, objectivity and the best interests of women’s sport as a whole.
七月 2020 – 多于 300 female athletes, including Navratilova, sign a letter addressed to the Board of Governors of the National College Athletic Association opposing transgender inclusion in college sports.