It’s especially important to elect more LGBTQ people
, Imse said
, now that more than
30 states have introduced bills that target transgender residents
“State legislatures and city councils across the nation are launching relentless legislative attacks on LGBTQ people — and especially trans people — and our best defense is having LGBTQ elected officials in those legislative bodies,” 그는 말했다.
위에 140 LGBTQ officials were elected in the last year
Between June 2020 그리고 6월 2021, 143 more LGBTQ leaders were elected, bringing the total of LGBTQ elected officials in the US to 986, most of whom serve in local office, the report found. (Precise data on LGBTQ officials has been difficult to collect both now and historically, as not every LGBTQ person has shared their sexual orientation with voters or while in office. The report draws from those officials who have disclosed that information.)
The US made significant progress in
2020: 테네시, 어느 전에 2020 had never elected an LGBTQ official, elected two on the state level
— 대표. Torrey Harris
, 민주당 원, 및 담당자. Eddie Mannis
, 공화당 원. 미국 대표. Ritchie Torres of New York became the first Black and Latinx gay man to serve in Congress
. Transgender politicians such as Delaware state Sen
. Sarah McBride and Vermont state Rep
. Taylor Small
, 다른 것들 중에서, 가입 Virginia Del. Danica Roem
, who in
2017 became one of the country’s first trans elected officials
The last year has also seen a 51% increase in the number of LGBTQ elected officials of color, the report found. 지금, 약 29% of all LGBTQ elected officials are people of color, compared to just 12.1% of the overall population of elected officials.
The election of former President Donald Trump and policies he supported that impacted LGBTQ people
— 같은 rolling back protections against discrimination for trans people
과 banning trans people from serving in the military
— 했다 “major motivators for many LGBTQ people
” to run for office
, Imse said
He said it remains essential to continue electing officials willing to protect the rights of LGBTQ constituents.
Working with LGBTQ officials can impact policy and attitudes
Electing queer and trans officials can play a significant role in the kinds of policies that are enacted and societal attitudes toward the LGBTQ community, said Reynolds, the Princeton University researcher.
레이놀즈 wrote a journal article in 2013 that found
, once in office
, gay leaders have a
“transformative effect on the views and voting behavior of their straight colleagues.
” When in positions of power
, LGBTQ officials can set agendas that benefit queer and trans people and build alliances with colleagues who are not LGBTQ to join their causes
, 그가 썼어.
That’s still true
, 그는 말했다, but since then
, LGBTQ issues have continued to polarize politicians
, particularly when it comes to the rights of transgender people
. Bills that would impact transgender children and teens have been introduced in more than half of US states and
, if passed
, would limit their access to gender-affirming health care
, participation in school sports that align with their gender
, 그리고 더.
Seeing queer and trans people in positions of power, 그러나, is still meaningful to young LGBTQ people who seek a similar path, Reynolds said.
“Every out queer person in a highly visible position says that this is natural, normal and to be expected,” Reynolds said.
에 2021, there are several high-profile examples of LGBTQ politicians
: 정부. Jared Polis of Colorado is gay
, 과 정부. 케이트 브라운 of Oregon is bisexual
. In Congress
, 있다 이것의. 태미 볼드윈 of Wisconsin
, one of the first lesbian women in the US Senate
, 과 대표. Sharice Davids of Kansas
, one of the first lesbian Native American women elected to federal office
. And there are more than
600 local officials who are LGBTQ
, the report found
The US still needs to elect more than
28,000 LGBTQ leaders to reach equitable representation
, according to the Victory Institute report
— LGBTQ people make up more than
5% 인구의, according to polling firm Gallup
, but less than
0.2% of all elected officials in the US
. But LGBTQ people are increasingly running for office
, and American voters are
, 많은 경우에, electing them