New study reveals deep divide in how Americans view the nation's progress toward racial equality

The United States is deeply divided in how Americans view the nation’s progress toward racial equality and much of the division is reflected in the differing beliefs of people of color and White people, according to a new study released Thursday by the Pew Research Center.

The study surveyed more than 10,000 adults in July on several questions related to the public’s attention to slavery and racism, whether more needs to be done to achieve equal rights in the country and if White people benefit from privilege over Black people.
Pew found that 75% of Black adults, 64% of Asian American adults and 59% of Hispanic adults say increased attention on the nation’s history of slavery and racism is a good thing. Among White adults, 46% said greater attention to slavery and racism was good.
      The study also concluded that there is division along racial and political party lines when it comes to views on the nation’s progress in the last 50 年.
        例えば, 71% of Republicans say the nation has made “たくさん” of progress with ensuring equal rights for all Americans but only 29% of Democrats agreed.
          Black adults, しかしながら, were skeptical with just 19% saying the US had made a lot of progress and 64% saying the country has made a little progress. 逆に, the study found that 64% of White adults believe the nation has made a lot of progress.
          There is also division in how the nation should achieve equality. 研究によると, 58% of Black adults say most of the nation’s laws and major institutions need to be completely rebuilt compared to 18% of White adults.
          The findings come as the nation grapples with ongoing racial tensions over voting rightsCOVID-19パンデミック that has led to higher death and hospitalization rates in Black and brown communities. It also comes amid a political battle over whether schools should be allowed to teach クリティカルレース理論, which acknowledges White privilege and America’s history of systemic racism. At least two dozen states have banned critical race theory or introduced legislation to ban it from being taught in the classroom, with many Republican conservatives calling it a divisive concept.
          Carroll Doherty, director of political research for Pew, said the center did the study last month to take the pulse of Americansattitudes a year after the death of George Floyd sparked a racial reckoning and uprisings across the country. Researchers also believed it was timely given the nationwide controversy over whether history about racism should be taught in schools, 彼は言った.
          Doherty said his biggest takeaway was that the starkest divisions among Americans appeared to come from the more specific questions about how to address inequality and the nation’s level of progress.
          There’s a general sense among the public that the nation has made at least some progress,” 彼は言った. “But beneath the surface are differences on how much progress and where do we go from here.
          The Pew study also found that Black adults overwhelmingly believe White people benefit from societal advantages with 90% saying they benefit afair amount.” その間, White people are divided on whether they have advantages over Black people with 47% saying they benefit a fair amount and 52% saying they don’t benefit much or at all.
            Danielle Taana Smith, a professor in the Department of African American Studies at Syracuse University, said the findings in the Pew study were not surprising because people of color and White people remain largely segregated in their neighborhoods, schools and churches. そのため, many White Americans may not fully understand the plight of people of color, スミスは言った.
            Whites do not live in Black bodies and have not experienced the particularities of this lived experience,” スミスは言った. “Ordinary things they take for granted, like going for a walk, are life threatening for people of color. On a daily basis, thousands of micro-aggressions are meted against people of color which Whites have no understanding of.

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