The study draws on oral traditions and narratives shared within the Maori community, and Maori carvings, which researchers say depict both voyagers and navigational and astronomical knowledge.
Researchers also found a large amount of existing “gray literature” — research done outside of traditional academic and commercial channels — that hadn’t been properly examined.
“When you put it together, it’s really clear, there’s a very long history of connection to Antarctica,” Wehi said. “Maori participated in many different roles and many different ways in terms of Antarctica.”
The study challenges commonly held preconceptions surrounding Maori knowledge about Antarctica, both past and present, said co-author Billy van Uitregt.
“There are lots of Maori working in Antarctica as researchers, participating in New Zealand fishing vessels in the Southern Ocean,” 他说. “Lots of Maori have this kind of lived and physical experience of Antarctic land and seascapes.”
According to Wehi, looking at the past through different perspectives shows history is “multi-dimensional.”
“The contribution of many underrepresented groups, from indigenous peoples right through to women, become visible — and that certainly being the case with Antarctic history,” 她说.