Norway ice melt reveals 'frozen archive' of ancient reindeer-hunting arrows

런던 Archaeologists have uncovered a haul of ancient artifacts 에서 melted ice patch in Norway, 순록 사냥에 사용되는 기록적인 수의 화살을 포함하여 6,000 여러 해 전에.

팀은 68 arrows at the Langfonne ice patch in the Jotunheimen Mountains, tracing the artifacts back to various periods of time across thousands of years, from the Stone Age all the way through to the Medieval Period.
The discovery, published this week as a study in The Holocene journal, also included the remains of reindeer antlers, Iron Age scaring sticks used in reindeer hunting and a 3,300-year-old shoe from the Bronze Age. The arrows mark the earliest ice finds in Northern Europe, according to the study’s authors.
Researchers discovered a plethora of ancient arrows that date across various periods of Norwegian history.

Norway’s Jotunheimen Mountains are located more than 200 마일 (in excess of 320 킬로미터) north of the capital, Oslo.
    The Langfonne ice patch, where the arrows were found, has retreated by more than 70% over the past two decades as global warming has caused dramatic ice melt, 연구에 따르면.
    With the ice now retreating due to climate change, the evidence for ancient hunting at Langfonne is reappearing from what is in essence a frozen archive,” said Lars Pilø, the study’s lead author and an archaeologist from the Innlandet County Council, 성명서.
    The ice melt, sad as it is, provides an unprecedented archaeological opportunity for new knowledge.
    Researchers also found a leather boot that dates back more than 3000 연령.

    The oldest arrows, dating back to 4000 BC, are in poor condition. But surprisingly, the arrows from the Late Neolithic period (2400-1750 BC) were better preserved in comparison to those from the following 2,000 연령, 연구에 따르면.
    Using ground penetrating radar (GPR) 과학 기술, researchers believe that the bad state of the oldest arrows may be due to ice movement.
      GPR data revealed ice deformation deep inside of the patch may have broken the old, brittle arrows, but it also helped to bring them to the surface to be discovered.
      Ice patches are not your regular archaeological sites,” Pilø said. “Glacial archeology has the potential to transform our understanding of human activity in the high mountains and beyond.

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