In the aftermath of Hutchinson’s appearance before the committee
, Watergate analogies continued to roll in
. Journalists 配音 the testimony the
,” an idiom first attached to presidential scandal during the investigations into the Nixon administration’s wrongdoing
. Hutchinson drew comparisons with both John Dean
和 Alexander Butterfield
. And former Trump official Mick Mulvaney trotted out the old Watergate chestnut that
“it’s never the crime
, it’s always the coverup.
” (Note to Mulvaney
: it absolutely was the crime that mattered on January
The ubiquity of these Watergate references shows how much we rely on this one historical episode to understand presidential scandal. But they also show the limits of that analogy.
As bad as Watergate was — and it was a serious set of crimes, provoking a constitutional crisis — the insurrection is the most acute crisis in US presidential history. It is not a scandal but a crime against democracy; the alleged potential offenses are not only obstruction of justice, but a seditious conspiracy against the government and the people of the United States.
Comparing the events of January 6 to Watergate does more than diminish them. That impulse leads us to focus on the wrong events entirely. Comparing what Hutchinson revealed to any scandal before it obscures central facts of the attack on the Capitol: that it was a coup attempt organized by members of the president’s team in order to retain power through both unlawful procedure and physical violence.
Though it has been half a century since the Watergate scandal broke
, it remains the template we use for presidential wrongdoing
. It’s more than just the omnipresent -gate suffix attached to every political scandal
. It continues to set our expectations for presidential wrongdoing
: smoking guns and secret tapes
, coverups and conspiracies
, public hearings and
— if the wrongdoing is serious enough
— bipartisan condemnation
. (The tale of Republican leaders marching into a meeting with Nixon to tell him he had lost the party’s support and should resign remains a set-piece of any retelling of Watergate.
But those expectations, when they are not met, impede our understanding of scandal.
, the Reagan administration scandal involving arms for hostages with arms-sales profits illegally diverted to right-wing militias in Nicaragua
, had all the makings of a presidency-ending scandal
. Initially known as
,” the scandal came to light through a mix of reporting and
” evidence of both the diversion and a hasty attempt to cover it up by shredding some documents and falsifying others
As with Watergate
, there were televised hearings and a cascade of indictments and convictions
. But the Republican support for Reagan did not crack
: even as the hearings implicated the president
. The Republican report on the scandal dismissed the accusations outright
, calling the rampant criminality of the affair
“mistakes in judgment
, and nothing more.
” Neither censure nor impeachment were on the table
; 多年后, President George H
. w ^. 衬套, himself implicated in the scandal as Reagan’s vice president
, pardoned most of those involved
,” failing to replicate the Watergate script
, largely faded from public memory
That same set of expectations has helped muddy public understanding of Trump administration wrongdoing
, so much of which took place in plain sight
— 最终 in the tweet encouraging people to come to Washington
, 直流电, 在一月 6 with the promise that it
“will be wild
!” Yet Republican support for Trump throughout the insurrection
, and in the years since
, has remained nearly unbroken
. Those who have publicly condemned the former president
, including the two Republicans who now serve on the January
6 select committee
, have found themselves personae non grata in the GOP
The select committee has sought in its hearings to deliver on Watergate expectations
: being partially televised in prime time to focus public attention
, putting the spotlight on Republican witnesses to emphasize the bipartisan horror at Trump’s actions
, presenting surprise witnesses and evidence to provoke that
” 休克. And while that is effective stagecraft
, relying too much on the Watergate template of presidential scandal risks derailing the American public from the most fundamental objective of the committee’s work
It is not the cover-up. It is the crimes. And as the hearings progress into the summer, it is crucial that the committee drives that point home.