全国各地的共和党议员试图剥夺州长和紧急选举权的官员

全国各地的共和党议员正积极采取行动剥夺州长和其他官员改变选举规则的权力 — after states made it easier to vote last year during the coronavirus pandemic and turnout surged to record levels.

The measures have been introduced in at least eight states with Republican-controlled legislaturesincluding the key battlegrounds of Georgia and Arizona. Some bills would give more authority to lawmakers to establish the ground rules for voting, in an escalation of the already bitter partisan fights that have erupted following the 2020 总统大赛.
The fresh showdowns over who should run elections come as allies of former President Donald Trump continue to try to cast doubt on his lossby arguing that election officials and the courts usurped state laws when they relaxed voting rules to overcome challenges posed by the pandemic. And they represent the latest front in the ongoing political warfare over voting rules.
As of this month, state legislators in 43 states had introduced 253 bills to restrict voting access, according to an updated tally by the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University.
    The proposals to curtail officialspowers areconsistent with the pattern that is happening across the country in Republican-dominated legislatures,” Jonathan Diaz, legal counsel for voting rights at the nonpartisan Campaign Legal Center. “They are trying to corner the market on running elections and make it more difficult to expand the right to vote.
    Proponents say their actions are needed to restore voter confidence in the systemeven if it was battered by Trump’s false allegations that widespread fraud contributed to his loss.
    In Montana, a state Trump won by double digits last November, a bill written by Republican state Rep. Llew Jones would require legislative consent before the governor couldsuspend the provisions of any statute prescribing the procedure for an election.
    The bill, 他说, is his answer to a decision by then-Gov. Steve Bullock, 民主党人, to give counties the choice to conduct voting entirely by mail last year.
    I don’t believe there was any fraud that occurred in Montana,” Jones told CNN. “That being said, perception is reality in this world.
    The more vetted and the more transparent the process is,” 他说, “the more likely there is to be belief that the process has validity and integrity.

    New measures in battleground states

    在格鲁吉亚, where Republicans in the state legislature have sponsored a flurry of bills to restrict voting after Biden’s win there, a measure introduced this week would eliminate the secretary of state’s voting powers on the five-member state elections board.
    The current secretary of state, 布拉德·拉芬斯珀格, faced Trump’s wrath for not pursuing unfounded conspiracy theories of widespread fraud in the election.
    A Fulton County prosecutor has launched a criminal investigation into a January call during which Trump urged Raffensperger to “找” enough votes to overturn his defeat in Georgia.
    A companion bill in the Georgia legislature would give the state election board the right to assume temporary control over the administration of local elections and voter registration.
    The intent here is to help out when there is a problem and after a very thorough investigation has taken place, and go in and help that county,” said Georgia state Rep. Shaw Blackmon, a Republican who helped sponsor both bills. Blackmon said the bill that would allow the election board temporary control of local elections would addchecks and balancesto the state’s voting process to increase confidence in the system.
    Through a spokesman, Raffensperger declined comment about the measures. 在星期三下午, he tweeted that his office is “复习” the bills now working their way through the Georgia legislature.
    Once we see something that prioritizes the security and accessibility of elections, we’ll throw in support,” Raffenspreger wrote. “At the end of the day, many of these bills are reactionary to a three-month disinformation campaign that could have been prevented.
    In Arizona, another battleground state that swung to Biden last fall, a pending bill would make it a felony for any official in the state tomodify any deadline, filing date, submittal date or other election-related date that is provided for in statute.
    The bill’s supporters say it’s necessary after legal challenges resulted in an extension of the voter registration deadline in 2020. Two advocacy groups had gone to court to move the deadlines, arguing that pandemic restrictions had led to a dramatic dropoff in people registering to vote. After several legal skirmishes, 国务卿凯蒂·霍布斯(Katie Hobbs), 民主党人, crafted an agreement with the advocates on a registration cutoff datewhich some Republicans cast as subverting state law.
    At a hearing this month, state Rep. Jake Hoffman, a Republican who sponsored the measure, argued it’snot good policy for those deadlines to be moved on a whim.
    By considering criminal penalties for officials who alter deadlines, “the legislature is saying: ‘We are the only people in the world that can be trusted with elections,’ ” Alex Gulotta, Arizona state director of All Voting is Local, told CNN.‘Election officials who are the professionals, can’t be trusted. The governor can’t be trusted. The secretary of state can’t be trusted.’ “
    The measure is among a raft of election-related bills the Republican-controlled legislature in Arizona has considered this year. They range from a bill that would require voters to obtain notarized signatures on their mail-in ballots to a proposal that would grant the legislature the power to pick the state’s presidential electors.

    Clashes over control

    The clashes over the control of elections come against a broader backdrop of mostly Republican state legislatures moving to curb the authority that governors exercised during the pandemic to limit gatherings and shutter schools and businesses to prevent the virus’ 传播.
    Lawmakers in at least 40 states and two territories have introduced more than 200 bills or resolutions this year that would limit or impose greater oversight on governorspowers or spending decisions during an emergency, 根据国家立法机关全国会议 (NCSL).
    There’s always been a tension between the branches of government, and when an emergency comes up, those tensions come to the surface,” said Wendy Underhill, who oversees the elections and redistricting programs at NCSL.
    One of biggest battles is playing out in Kentucky, where Democratic Gov. Andy Beshear has gone to court to challenge a package of laws from the Republican-controlled legislature that limit his emergency powers. One measure strips the ability of the governor and secretary of state to change election procedures.
    去年, as the pandemic raged, Beshear and Kentucky’s Republican Secretary of State Michael Adams forged an agreement that expanded mail-in and early voting in the state.
    Months after Election Day, Trump’s allies continue to push the argument that the sole power to set election rules rests with state legislaturesrather than with governors, election supervisors or the judges who interpret state constitutions that enshrine voting rights.
    整个周末, House Minority Whip Steve Scalise declined to concede the presidential election was not stolen, insisting that disputes still linger becausea few statesdid not follow their state lawsin administering elections. “Once the electors are counted, 是, he is the legitimate president,” the Louisiana Republican said of Biden on ABC’s “本星期”
    But if you’re going to ignore the fact that there were states that did not follow their own state legislatively set laws,” Scalise added. “That’s the issue at heart, that millions of people are still not happy with.
    The US Constitution empowers state legislatures to set the “次, places and mannerfor congressional elections, subject to Congressauthority to make its own changes.
    But Rick Hasen, an election law expert who teaches at the University of California, Irvine, said some Republicans are advancing a moremuscular versionof a doctrine that argues state legislators have broad authority to oversee even minute details in administering elections.
    If you can’t make the fraud argument because you can’t point to instances of widespread fraud in the 2020 选举, you need another argument,” Hasen said.
    Whether courts endorse the so-calledindependent state legislature doctrine,” 他说, remains an open question.
      Just this week, the US Supreme Court declined an appeal that centered on the question of who has final say on election decisions. In that case, Republicans challenged a Pennsylvania Supreme Court decision that allowed the counting of ballots received up to three days after Election Day to accommodate the difficulties imposed by the pandemic. The plaintiffs argued that the state court exceeded its authority and should have let stand an Election Day deadline passed by the state legislature.
      Justices Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsuch and Samuel Alito dissented, saying the court should have heard the case to clarify rules for future elections.

      评论被关闭.