일부 개는 새 단어를 네 번만 듣고도 배울 수 있습니다.

재능있는 개는 4 번만 듣고 새로운 단어를 배울 수 있습니다., 새로운 연구에 따르면.

대부분의 개는 광범위하게 훈련되지 않는 한 단어를 배우지 않습니다. — but a team of researchers has found that some outstanding pets haveexceptional abilities.
Researchers from Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest observed twogifted” 개: A Border Collie named Whisky, and a Yorkshire terrier called Vicky Nina, and tested their ability to learn a new word after hearing it only four times.
We wanted to know under which conditions the gifted dogs may learn novel words. To test this, we exposed Whisky and Vicky Nina to the new words in two different conditions,” Claudia Fugazza, first author of the study and a researcher at the department of ethology, 말했다.
    One scenario was an exclusion-based task, and another was within a social, playful context with their owners.
    Importantly, in both conditions the dogs heard the name of the new toy only four times,” Fugazza said.
    Presented with seven known toys and one new toy, the dogs were able to select the new toy when presented with a new name. Researchers say this proves that dogs can choose by exclusionwhen confronted with a new word, they selected and retrieved the only toy which did not have a known name.
    Vicky Nina among her toys. While preliminary evidence seems to show that most dogs do not learn words (즉. names of objects), unless eventually very extensively trained, a few individuals have shown some exceptional abilities.

    하나, when researchers presented two newly named toys and asked them to retrieve one, they failed.
    The research team also noticed that both dogs were able to identify and retrieve newly named toys after hearing the name only four times from their owners during play.
    Such rapid learning seems to be similar to the way human children acquire their vocabulary around 2-3 years of age,” said Adam Miklósi, head of the Department of Ethology and co-author of the study.
    But not all dogs learn words this way.
    In a test of 20 other dogs, researchers found that none of them learned the new toy names. It was concluded that, without formal training, the capacity to learn words rapidly is very rare and is only present in a few gifted dogs.
    Researchers also found that both Whisky and Vicky Nina forgot the new toy names quickly, and in some tests, within little over an hour of first learning them.
    The research was published Tuesday in the journal Scientific Reports.
      그 동안에, in spite of their “인간과 같은” 음성 해석을위한 청각 기능, 개는 인간이하는 방식에서 단어 간의 미묘한 차이를 듣지 못합니다., a team of researchers from the same university reported last year.
      Dogs are renowned for their auditory capacity and their ability to hear words and sounds well and they are able to differentiate speech sounds. But experts said it seems they don’t pay attention to all of the speech sounds.

      범주:

      i898

      태그:

      , , , , , ,

      댓글이 닫혀 있습니다..