Supreme Court Nominations Fast Facts

Here’s a look at Corte Suprema candidature.

Under Article II of the Costituzione, the President nominates justices to the Corte Suprema, con il “advice and consent of the Senate.
If a vacancy occurs when Congress is not in session, a recess appointment allows an appointee to serve without Senate approval until Congress reconvenes.
One hundred and sixty-three nominations have been submitted to the Senate (including nominations for chief justice). Of those, ci sono stati 126 confirmations, with seven instances of individuals declining to serve.

    Altri fatti

    The American Bar Association’s Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary evaluates nominees to the Supreme Court for the Justice Department and the Senate Judiciary Committee. The organization has three possible rankings: qualified, well-qualified, and not qualified.
    There is no requirement that the chief justice of the Supreme Court previously serve as an associate justice, but five of the 17 chief justices have. Three justices served on the Court immediately before being elevated to chief justice: Edward D. bianca, Harlan Fiske Stone and William Rehnquist. Two justices had a break between their service as associate justice and being appointed chief justice: Charles Evans Hughes and John Rutledge.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed nine justices during his 12-year presidency, the most since George Washington. Jimmy Carter is the only president to complete a full term of office and never have the opportunity to nominate a Supreme Court justice.

    Sequenza temporale

    1952 – Presidents begin consulting the American Bar Association before making Supreme Court nominations.
    1950S – Presidente Dwight D. Eisenhower makes recess appointments of Earl Warren, Potter Stewart and William J. Brennan. All three are later confirmed by the Senate.
    1955 – Nominees begin appearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee for confirmation hearings.
    1981 – Senate Judiciary Committee hearings are televised for the first time.
    1987 – President Ronald Reagan nominates Robert Bork for a seat but he is rejected by the Senate. Anthony Kennedy takes the seat.
    luglio 1, 1991 – President George H.W. cespuglio nominates Clarence Thomas to succeed Justice Thurgood Marshall, who is retiring.
    ottobre 11, 1991 – Anita Hill testifies on Capitol Hill, accusing Thomas of sexual harassment in the workplace. Thomas denies the allegations.
    ottobre 15, 1991 – Thomas wins Senate confirmation by the narrowest margin in the 20th century, 52-48.
    1990S – Presidente Bill Clinton is the first Democratic president since 1967 to fill a Supreme Court vacancy. He appoints two: Justice Stephen Breyer e Giudice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
    settembre 5, 2005 – Il presidente George W.. cespuglio nominates John Roberts to succeed the late William Rehnquist as chief justice.
    settembre 29, 2005 – Roberts is confirmed by the Senate (78-22).
    ottobre 3, 2005 – Roberts is sworn in. The same day, Bush nominates Harriet Miers per avere successo Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, who is retiring.
    ottobre 27, 2005 – Miers withdraws her nomination.
    ottobre 31, 2005 – Bush nominates Samuel Alito.
    gennaio 31, 2006 – Alito is confirmed by the Senate (58-42). He is sworn in by Roberts.
    Maggio 26, 2009 – Il presidente Barack Obama nominates Sonia Sotomayor per avere successo Justice David Souter, who is retiring.
    agosto 8, 2009 – Sotomayor is sworn in as the first Hispanic justice on the Supreme Court.
    Maggio 10, 2010 – Obama nominates Elena Kagan per avere successo Justice John Paul Stevens, who is retiring.
    agosto 5, 2010 – Kagan è confirmed by the Senate (63-37).
    agosto 7, 2010 – Kagan is sworn in.
    marzo 16, 2016 – Obama nominates Merrick Garland per replace the late Justice Antonin Scalia. No hearings are held.
    febbraio 1, 2017 – Presidente Donald Trump nominates Neil Gorsuch to replace Scalia.
    aprile 10, 2017 – Gorsuch is sworn in.
      luglio 10, 2018 – Trump nominates Brett Kavanaugh to fill the seat of Justice Anthony Kennedy, who is retiring.
      ottobre 6, 2018 – Kavanaugh wins Senate confirmation by the narrowest margin in 137 anni, in un 50-48 votazione. Nel 1881, Stanley Matthews was confirmed by the Senate in a 24-23 votazione. The ceremonial swearing-in event takes place at the White House on October 8.

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