Covid-19에 대해 모호한 주장을하는 국가 -- 그게 세상에 어떤 의미인지

지난 1 년 동안, 전 세계 국가들이 세계 보건기구와 코로나 19 사례 및 사망 데이터를 공유했습니다. (WHO) — 질병과의 전쟁을 알리는 데 중요한 정보.

하나, three countries stand out as appearing either less than transparent or in denial about the scale of the problem.
The East African nation of Tanzania has not updated its Covid-19 data since early May, leaving the last number of reported confirmed cases at 509 and the death toll at 21.
    The Central Asian nation of Turkmenistan, a secretive, highly authoritarian state, “has not reported any Covid-19 cases to WHO to date,” according to a WHO statement. But human rights groups say the disease is spreading widely there.
      North Korea similarly has not recorded a single case of Covid-19. Most experts view that claim as suspect, 하나. The reclusive country has tested only a fraction of its nearly 26-million-strong population and has a shared border with China, where the pandemic began.
        박사. Dorit Nitzan, regional emergency director for the WHO Regional Office for Europe, CNN에 말했다 14 countries have so far reported zero cases, adding that the organizationcannot independently verify whether zero reported cases represent the true absence of cases or not.
        The WHO’s Covid-19 dashboard doesn’t differentiate between countries reporting zero cases of the virus and countries that haven’t submitted any data. 하나, in contrast to Turkmenistan and North Korea, the other zero-case locations are tiny, isolated island communities such as St. Helena, Kiribati and Tuvalu.
          We encourage all countries to share datapublicly or to WHOas this allows us to track the disease globally,” Nitzan added. “As Covid-19 is a communicable disease, tracking cases is especially important, aiding in a prompt and appropriate public health response.
          A worker sprays disinfectant at a department store in Pyongyang on August 7, 2020, amid concerns over the coronavirus.

          In Tanzania, President John Magufuli has repeatedly downplayed the virus, urged citizens topray coronavirus awayand recommended outlandish cures. He has also refused to acquire Covid-19 vaccines for the population of 58 백만, saying they aredangerous” 과 “not good for us.
          But the deaths of two senior Tanzanian officials in recent weeks have undermined his claims, and there are signs that Tanzania may be shifting its stance.
          The United States Embassy in the country’s largest city, Dar es Salaam, has warned that cases have risen significantly 1 월부터. 지난주, the US ambassador to Tanzania 유명한 그게 “critical to collect and report information about testing and casesand urged Tanzania’s health experts to review the evidence on vaccines.
          박사. Peter Drobac, a global health expert at the University of Oxford’s Saïd Business School in England, told CNN that the pandemic had made it clearhow critical leadership is and how dangerous it is to have leaders who aren’t willing to admit the problem and pull people together to respond.
          예를 들면, mixed messaging or denialism last year around basic interventions such as mask-wearing helped fuel the rapid spread of the virus in the United States and Brazil, leading to many avoidable deaths, 그는 말했다.
          Those countries were tracking Covid-19 data, 하나, and eventually pressure grew to act, Drobac said. “What’s really troubling in places like Tanzania is we don’t even have those data.

          WHO: ‘Robust actionneeded

          WHO has taken the unusual step of twice calling on Tanzania in recent weeks to start providing transparent data.
          Cases involving infected Tanzanians traveling abroad have underscored the need forrobust action,” WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a February 20 성명서.
          Two people who traveled from Tanzania to the United Kingdom were carrying the B.1351 variant first detected in South Africa, which seems to be more transmissible than other versions of the virus, and which might evade some of the immune protection offered by antibodies.
          WHO is yet to receive any information regarding what measures Tanzania is taking to respond to the pandemic,” Tedros said. “I renew my call for Tanzania to start reporting Covid-19 cases and share data.
          A day after the appeal from Tedros, Magufuli told churchgoers in Dar es Salaam that they should protect themselves but wearlocally produced face masks instead of importing from outside which are not safe.The President also insisted Tanzanians should use local remedies to fight against respiratory problems, including steam inhalation, and continue to trust in prayer.
          Instagram post the same day, Tanzanian Health Minister Dr. Dorothy Gwajima encouraged the use of traditional herbs to fight infectious diseases and denounced rumors circulating online that a second wave of coronavirus was killing many Tanzanians. Gwajima has not responded to a CNN request for interview.
          But there are signs her ministry may be evolving its message. On February 25, the US ambassador to Tanzania tweeted that he wasencouraged to see the Health Ministry now urging Tanzanians to take stronger preventative measures against Covid-19, including wearing a mask, avoiding crowds, and social distancing.
          He tweeted screenshots from a Health Ministry statement dated a day earlier which says it isvery important for us to increase efforts of taking precautions,” urges Tanzanians towear the right masks and make sure you wear them properly, especially when attending gatherings,” and instructs people to avoid unnecessary gatherings, including in public transport locations.
          Tanzania's President John Magufuli speaks at a campaign launch event at the Jamhuri stadium in Dodoma, Tanzania, 8 월 29, 2020.

          Such steps are likely to be welcomed by global health experts. Denialism carries big risks, according to Drobac, the first being the human toll within the country itself.
          Secondly, 그는 말했다, “there’s the real risk of having out-of-control blazes in the broader wildfire of the pandemic. None of us are safe anywhere until all of us are safe everywhere.
          This makes countries neighboring Tanzania, such as Kenya and Rwanda, “really vulnerable,” and could undermine the great sacrifices they and others have made to try to contain Covid-19, 그는 말했다.
          Another risk is that of the uncontrolled spread of the virus leading to variants emerging that might reduce the efficacy of Covid-19 vaccines, Drobac said.


          In Turkmenistan, a former Soviet republic labeled one of the world’s most repressive nations by Human Rights Watch (HRW), authorities have restricted travel and urged social distancing and mask-wearingbut they have not stated that this is because Covid-19 is circulating in the country.
          Masks are needed to protect against airborne “먼지,” the government said last summer.
          Turkmen women wearing face masks walk in Ashgabat on July 13, 2020.

          HRW’s World Report 2021 accused the Turkmen government of havingrecklessly denied and mismanaged the Covid-19 epidemic within the country,” aggravating a pre-existing food crisis, and said it hadcoercedhealth workers into silence over the spread of the virus.
          The US Embassy in Turkmenistan says on its website that it has received reportsof local citizens with symptoms consistent with Covid-19 undergoing Covid-19 testing and being placed in quarantine in infectious diseases hospitals.It notes that Turkmenistanmay be disinclinedofficially to acknowledge any cases that are confirmed.
          Diana Serebryannik, director of Europe-based exiles group Human Rights and Freedoms of Turkmen Citizens, described the situation in the country as a “재앙” because the government refused to recognize Covid-19, leaving sick people unable to access appropriate care and most doctors without the basic knowledge to treat them.
          er group, which includes two Turkmen doctors, has set up an online service offering consultations to people inside Turkmenistan who fall sick with suspected Covid-19, 그녀가 말했다, adding that it has so far been in contact with more than 3,500 사람들.
          There is no recognition of that virus inside the country. And the problem is that the treatment for Covid is quite expensive and some people who are in contact with us can’t afford it,” 그녀가 말했다, adding that costs in pharmacies for imported drugs are high. “Some people face the choice whether to buy food or to buy some kind of medicine. It’s a big problem.
          There are also insufficient supplies of oxygen, access to mechanical ventilators is limited and medical workers lack personal protective equipment, Serebryannik said.
          Testing for Covid-19 is being carried out, but only two or three weeks after sick patients seek care, 그녀가 말했다, with the result that they test negative. No antibody tests are being conducted, 그녀는 덧붙였다.
          Rachel Denber, deputy Europe and Central Asia director at HRW, told CNN the government’s denial of any Covid-19 cases in Turkmenistan wascompletely false.
          The government either has its head in the sand or it’s intentionally being reckless, but the result is the samethe result is mass misery. There’s no policy for acknowledging Covid, there’s no policy for addressing Covid and there are no policies for addressing the food insecurity and poverty that preceded Covid and have only worsened since Covid,” 그녀가 말했다.
          It is difficult to get information from within Turkmenistan, which has a population of nearly 6 million but no independent media, according to the independent watchdog group Freedom House. 그러나, said Denber, “there have been very significant outbreaks of Covid, and there were times when the numbers of funerals that were happening, according to local sources, were well above what the usual rate is.
          Public health messages promoting measures such as social distancing have been diluted because they are not linked with Covid-19, 그녀가 말했다. “Anecdotally, that’s combined with a lot of pressure and intimidation against health workers not to talk about Covid, not to acknowledge that there are cases, not to talk about what they are seeing in their hospitals,” Denber added.
          Turkmenistan's President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov delivers a speech on stage as he attends World Bicycle Day in Ashgabat on June 3, 2020.

          Turkmenistan’s Health Ministry has not yet responded to a CNN request for comment on the presence of Covid-19 in the country.
          Health Ministry statement in January said Turkmenistan was the first country in Central Asia to register Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine against Covid-19.
          A WHO team that visited the country last July said Turkmenistan hadnot reported any confirmed Covid-19 cases to WHO to date.But the team’s leader, 박사. Catherine Smallwood, told a briefing that WHOadvises activating critical public health measures in Turkmenistan as if Covid-19 was circulating,” Reuters reported.
          8 월, WHO voiced concern over a rise in atypical pneumonia cases in Turkmenistan and urged President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov to allow it to conduct independent coronavirus tests in the country.
          A 26-year-old man, Nurgeldi Halykov, who reposted an image of the WHO team in the country in July to, a website based in the Netherlands, 였다 sentenced to four years in prison in September on what the news outlet and Reporters Without Borders said was a trumped-up fraud charge.
          Nitzan, the WHO official, 말했다: “While Turkmenistan has not reported any Covid-19 cases to WHO to date, the country has activated measures to prevent the transmission of respiratory infections within communities … 7 월부터 2020, the country also introduced and mandated individual protective measuresand has, 때때로, implemented restrictive social measures as if Covid-19 was circulating.
          WHO continues to work closely with government authorities in Turkmenistan with the direct support of its country office to assess health needs and implement actions related to Covid-19,” 그녀가 말했다.

          North Korea

          There are also questions over the accuracy of data reported from North Korea.
          A WHO report issued on January 8 this year said that North Korea claimed to have tested 13,257 people and had found no positive cases of Covid-19. The report was based on the data from 15 laboratories in North Korea which the Ministry of Public Health of North Korea provided to the WHO.
          No update has been issued since.
          People walk in the rain in Pyongyang on May 15, 2020, wearing face masks amid the coronavirus pandemic.

          North Korea’s priority since the pandemic emerged last year has been keeping the coronavirus from overwhelming its dilapidated health care infrastructure.
          Pyongyang voluntarily severed most of its scant ties with the outside world in 2020 ...에 prevent an influx of Covid-19, including cutting off almost all trade with Beijingan economic lifeline North Korea needs to keep its people from going hungry.
          The clampdown on trade pummeled the economy, but from a public health standpoint it appears to have worked. It does not appear that North Korea has suffered through major outbreaks of Covid-19 within its borders. Leader Kim Jong Un has been confident enough to appear in public without wearing a mask on multiple occasions during the pandemic.
          North Korea’s isolation may protect it to a degree. But as vaccinations gradually open up the prospect of a return to normal life, the corners of the globe where the virus lingers out of sight will present an ever greater threat.
            Fighting Covid-19 is everyone’s responsibility, and diplomatic pressure should be applied to those countries that don’t meet their obligations, said Drobac.
            The longer we let this virus rage anywhere, the more lottery tickets we’re giving the virus to be able to come up with a cool new mutation that’s going to make our lives really difficult,” 그는 말했다. “It’s not just a potential tragedy for the country’s own people, it’s a risk for all of us.

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