The intentional misgendering of transgender nursing home residents in California is no longer banned, 法院规则

Staff at nursing homes in California are no longer prohibited from deliberately misgendering residents, a California district court ruled this month, saying the ban that was enshrined as part of a 2017 law was a violation of staffers’ 言论自由.

​Equality California, a nonprofit that aims to protect LGBTQ Californians, and one of the sponsors of the legislation, said in a statement that the court’s decision wasbeyond disappointing, especially for (加州的) transgender and nonbinary seniors.
The Third District Court of Appeals overturned a part of the LGBTQ Long-term Care Facility ResidentsBill of Rights, 传入 2017, 被称为 “pronoun provision.That provision, referenced in this July’s decision, initially banned nursing home staff fromwillfully and repeatedlymisgendering or using the incorrect name to refer to a residentwhen clearly informed of the name and pronoun.
      We recognize that misgendering may be disrespectful, discourteous and insulting, and used as an inartful way to express an ideological disagreement with another person’s expressed gender identity,” Associate Justice Elena J. Duarte wrote in the new decision, which was unanimous among three justices. “But the First Amendment does not protect only speech that inoffensively and artfully articulates a person’s point of view.
        Misgendering people and using incorrect pronouns or names on purposedoes indeed convey an ideological message,” the judge wrote.
          Equality California said it intends to fight the decision.
          在声明中 following the decision, the organization’s executive director, Rick Chavez Zbur, said that misgendering someone and using the incorrect nameisn’t an issue of free speechit’s a hateful act that denies someone their dignity and truth.
          州参议员. Scott Wiener, WHO introduced the 2017 法案, called the court’s decisiondisconnected from the reality facing transgender people.
          Deliberately misgendering a transgender person isn’t just a matter of opinion, and it’s not simply ‘disrespectful, discourteous, or insulting.’ 相当, it’s straight up harassment,” he said in a 声明. “和, it erases an individual’s fundamental humanity, particularly one as vulnerable as a trans senior in a nursing home. This misguided decision cannot be allowed to stand.
          一 2014 研究 of around 130 transgender adults found that 32.8% of participants said they feltvery stigmatizedwhen they were misgendered, and ​a 2020 审查 20 studies published since 2009 found that the more frequently a trans person was misgendered, the more likely they were to experience distress.
          一个 study published 在 2014 found that the aging population of transgender elders in the US were atsignificantly higher risk of poor physical health, disability, depressive symptomatology, and perceived stressthan cisgender seniors, or those whose gender identity aligns with the sex they were assigned at birth. And even when they have access to health care services, they often face discrimination and harassment in those settings, 根据 2014 研究.

          The court upheld another provision in the LGBTQ law

          While the court’s decision to overturn the pronoun provision upset LGBTQ rights groups, it did uphold another component of the law related to room assignments in long-term care facilities.
          SAGE, or Services and Advocacy for LGBT Elders, which connects LGBTQ elders with health care services, praised the court for upholding the part of the 2017 law that requires nursing home staff to assign rooms to transgender residents in accordance with the resident’s preference, when gender is the basis of the assignment system. Attorney David Llewellyn, who represented an unnamed plaintiff, initially challenged both the pronoun provision and the room assignment provision, the latter of which the court declined to overturn.
          Affirming transgender seniorsidentity and assigning rooms based on their genderis a key component to the culturally competent care that transgender and gender nonconforming elders deserve,” SAGE CEO Michael Adams said in a comment to CNN.
            Llewellyn declined an interview request from CNN but said in an email thatfree speech must be protected against criminal penalties, regardless of its content.
            The California attorney general’s office told CNN it’sreviewing the decision.