This country claims it hasn't had a single Covid-19 case. Activists say that's a lie

전염병이 시작된 지 거의 2년 만에, Turkmenistan has not seen a single case of 코로나 19.

아니면 적어도, that’s what the central Asian country’s secretive, 권위주의 정부 주장.
투르크메니스탄, a former Soviet republic home to 거의 6 백만명, is one of at least five countries that have not reported any coronavirus cases, according to a review of data collected by Johns Hopkins University and the World Health Organization. Three of those are isolated islands in the Pacific and the fourth is North Korea, a tightly-controlled hermit state.
    Turkmenistan’s repressive President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, who has ruled since 2006, has dismissed reports of Covid-19 in the country as “모조품” and told the United Nations in an address Tuesday that the response to the pandemic shouldn’t bepoliticized.
      But independent organizations and journalists and activists outside Turkmenistan say there’s evidence the country is battling a third wave which is overwhelming hospitals and killing dozens of peopleand warn the President is playing down the threat of the deadly virus in a bid to maintain his public image.
        Women wearing protective face masks cross a road in Ashgabat, 투르크메니스탄, 칠월 15, 2020.

        Ruslan Turkmen, an exile from Turkmenistan and editor of the Netherlands-based independent news organization Turkmen News, said he has personally assembled the names of 이상 60 사람들 who he claimed have died of Covid-19 inside the country, including teachers, artists and doctors.
        Turkmen said he has verified all the recorded deaths with health records and X-rays, revealing severe lung damage and medical treatment consistent with coronavirus victims.
          Instead of accepting it and cooperating with the international community, Turkmenistan decided to stick its head in the sand,” said Turkmen.
          The Turkmenistan government did not respond to CNN’s requests for comment.

          How it unfolded

          As Covid-19 spread around the world at the start of 2020, Turkmenistan insisted it had no cases, even as bordering countries reported skyrocketing outbreaks.
          이란, with which Turkmenistan shares a long land border, has reported one of the world’s largest Covid-19 outbreaks with nearly 5.5 million total cases, 에 따르면 World Health Organization (WHO).
          You look at what’s happening at other countries in the region and how different could Turkmenistan possibly be?” said Rachel Denber, deputy Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch.

          According to the websites of the British Australian foreign ministries, all flights into Turkmenistan are currently suspended and only Turkmen citizens are allowed to enter the country.
          Turkmen said his sources in Turkmenistan began contacting him about cases in around May 2020 — about the same time Covid-19 was spreading around the world. He said the first messages he received talked about aweird lung disease, flu-likewhich was affecting many people.
          It was at least 40 degrees Celsius outside (104 화씨) — not a usual flu season,” 그는 말했다.
          6 월 2020, the US embassy in the capital, Ashgabat, issued a heath alert warning ofreports of local citizens with symptoms consisted with Covid-19 undergoing Covid-19 testing,” and being placed in quarantine for up to 14 일.
          The Turkmenistan government immediately called the statement가짜 뉴스.”
          WHO mission to Turkmenistan in July 2020 did not confirm any coronavirus infections inside the country but did say it was concerned aboutincreased numbers of cases of acute respiratory infection and pneumonia.
          One WHO official said Turkmenistan should act as if Covid-19 was circulating.
          By then, the situation was out of control, according to Turkmen. The government advised citizens to take bizarre public health measures, such as eating a particular type of spicy soup.
          In January this year, Turkmenistan announced it had approved Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine for use in the country. Then in June, the World Bank agreed to lend $ 20 백만 to the Turkmenistan government, mostly for health facilities and construction, as part of a program toprevent, detect and respond to the threat posed by Covid-19.
          As recently as Tuesday, President Berdymukhamedov said the efforts of the global community in addressing the Covid-19 pandemic wereinsufficient,” although he did not mention the situation inside his own country.
          The pandemic has exposed serious systemic failings in the international response to this challenge,” 그는 말했다.

          ‘Turkmenistan is burning

          Despite Berdymukhamedov’s claims that his country his Covid-free, the reality inside Turkmenistan is starkly different, according to independent journalists and activists.
          Diana Serebryannik, director of Europe-based exiles group Rights and Freedoms of Turkmenistan Citizens, said her organization had heard from contacts in the country that hospitals there are currently struggling to deal with the influx of cases.
          Serebryannik said Turkmen doctors from her organization who were now living overseas were in touch with their former colleagues in the country, allowing them to find out the real situation and provide advice.
          She said doctors inside Turkmenistan had told her both oxygen and ventilators were hard to come by in the country, treatment was expensive and deaths from the virus could be in the thousands.
          Turkmenistan is burning, it’s burning with CovidSometimes they do not even accept patients to the hospital, they just send them home,” 그녀가 말했다.
          According to Serebryannik, the official cause of death in these cases is not listed as Covid-19 or even pneumoniainstead medical certificates record a separate condition, such as a heart attack, 그녀가 말했다.
          When health workers have tried to speak up about the reality on the ground, they have been pressured into silence, 따라 to non-profit Human Rights Watch.
          Inside the country, freedom of the press and independent scrutiny is not allowedTurkmenistan was ranked 178 밖으로 180 국가 and territories on Reporters Without Borders 2021 World Press Freedom Index, just above North Korea and Eritrea.
          Turkmen citizens who peacefully criticize the government have faced severe punishments, 에 따르면 Human Rights Watch, including reports of torture and disappearances.
          Foreign residents have also been affected by the Turkmenistan government’s coronavirus denials. 7 월 2020, Turkish diplomat Kemal Uchkun was admitted to hospital in Ashgabat with Covid-like symptoms but was refused permission to evacuate to his home country, 에 따르면 journal of Asian Affairs.
          According to the BBC, X-rays sent to Turkish hospitals by Uchkun’s wife were confirmed to show evidence of Covid-19.
          The journal of Asian Affairs said Uchkun died on July 7. His official cause of death was heart failure.
          가장 최근에, Turkmen said he had confirmed the death of a 61-year-old Russian language and literature teacher, who had been in hospital since August, according to Turkmen News.

          Undermining the rosy picture

          Multiple authoritarian governments around the world have announced their Covid-19 outbreaks and received international assistance, including China, the earliest country affected.
          So why is Turkmenistan so insistent that it has still not seen a single case?
          Both Turkmen and Serebryannik said it was down to President Berdymukhamedov who, as a dentist by profession and former health minister, had placed great emphasis on effectively governing the well-being of his peopleat least in principle.
          투르크메니스탄's President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov remotely addresses the 76th session of the UN General Assembly in a pre-recorded message on September 21, 2021.

          Serebryannik said Berdymukhamedov, 64, wanted to appear like a savior to the country, and an impressive world leader, by keeping Covid-19 out.
          Turkmenistan is a country where everything in the garden looks rosyyou have those marble, state of the art (health facilities) equipped with German, 프랑스 국민, 일본어, whatever, equipment,” journalist Turkmen said.
          Admitting the presence of a deadly virus would undermine the idealized image the President has created and leave Berdymukhamedov open to criticismand potentially to being held to account.
          It would be someone’s failure, someone would have to bear responsibility for that and who has the ultimate word for that? 대통령,” Turkmen said.
          There has been no indication yet that Turkmenistan is preparing to reverse its position and admit to having Covid-19 cases inside the country, but Serebryannik said she believed the government would have to eventually.
          She said there had just beentoo much death.
          Human Rights Watch’s Denber said international organizations interacting with Turkmenistan, including WHO, had a duty to be honest with the world about the situation inside the country.
          At a certain point you have to say at what cost are you protecting that presence (나라에서)? Are the measures you’re taking to protect your relationshipundermining your core mission?” 그녀가 말했다.
            Denber said in a global pandemic, with many outbreaks linked across international borders, nations had an obligation to provide accurate testing and correct public information.
            We’re all interconnected,” 그녀가 말했다. “When one of us fails, we all fail.

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