UK lawmakers slam government's 'reactive' early Covid response in new report

ロンドン The British government failed to act quickly enough in its initial Covid-19 response, enabling the virus to spread rapidly through communities and resulting in thousands of deaths, lawmakers said in a damning report 火曜日に公開.

レポート, an initial assessment by the British Parliament’s Health and Social Care, and Science and Technology committees, said the United Kingdom’s Covid response was slow andreactive.
Among the biggest failures of the government’s approach was an initial policy at the start of the pandemic of trying to manage the spread of Covid, rather than stop it spreading altogether, the lawmakers said.
    They also criticized a delayed lockdown, failures in the UK’s contact-tracing program, and a lack of attention given to the most vulnerable, specifically those in the social care sector and at-risk communitiesnamely Black, Asian and other ethnic minorities. The report also said there was little interest in learning from the experiences of other countries, such as those in East Asia that were the first to deal with the pandemic.
      One bright spot for the UK government, しかしながら, is the speedy and effective deployment of its vaccine program, the report highlighted.
        The 150-page report is the result of a cross-party inquiry, 10月に始まりました 2020, examining the initial UK response to the pandemic. It contains 38 recommendations to the government and public bodies, and draws on evidence from more than 50 witnesses and 400 written submissions.

        Herd immunity and delayed lockdown

          The report said the governmentbacked by scientific advisers — 作った “serious early errorduring the first three months of the pandemic by not rigorously moving to stop the virus’ 展開する, an approach adopted by many East and Southeast Asian countries.
          This amounted in practice to accepting that herd immunity by infection was the inevitable outcome,” レポートは言った, with the likely result inhundreds of thousands of deaths.
          The UK has reported 138,167 fatalities from Covid-19 since the pandemic started, according to Johns Hopkins University datamore than any other country in Western Europe.
          Other countries and places in Europe and Asia, including China, 台湾, ベトナム, Thailand and South Korea, implemented strict border controls, social distancing and early lockdowns as soon as cases emergedsome as early as January 2020 — to control the pandemic.
          The report said there was a degree ofgroupthinkbetween official scientific advisers and the government in which ministers did little to question the advice they received and that meant the UK wasnot as open to approaches being taken elsewhere.
          This led to a delay in the nationwide lockdown, which was imposed in the UK on March 23, 2020.
          “しかしながら, even when UK policy had changed to bring in a comprehensive national lockdown, the role of non-pharmaceutical interventions against Covid-19 was 繁雑, inconsistent and opaque for most of the rest of 2020,” レポートが追加されました.

          ‘Test and Trace

          Another area the report vehemently criticized is the UK’sTest and Trace” プログラム. The report referred to Public Health England’s efforts as “エレクトロニックダンスミュージック” and concluded that ultimately the programfailed.
          Despite being one of the first countries in the world to develop a test for Covid in January 2020, the United Kingdom failed to translate that scientific leadership into operational success in establishing an effective test and trace system during the first year of the pandemic,” レポートは言った.
          The report said it was aserious mistaketo stop community testing early in the pandemic and national public bodies failed to share data with each other, including between national and local governments.
          A country with a world-class expertise in data analysis should not have faced the biggest health crisis in a hundred years with virtually no data to analyze,” レポートは言った.
          What was being achieved in other countries, particularly East Asia, appeared to be of little interest in the initial weeks of the pandemic,” レポートが追加されました. “This was an inexcusable oversight.
          The report said despite vast sums of taxpayersmoney being directed toward theTest and Trace” プログラム, it never fully delivered at preventing additional lockdowns andwere it not for the success of the Vaccine Taskforce and the NHS vaccination program, it is likely that further lockdown restrictions would have been needed in Summer 2021.

          At-risk communities

          The report also criticized the lack of attention given by the UK government to the most vulnerable, specifically those in the social care sector and at-risk communities, namely Black, Asian and other ethnic minorities.
          It is telling that the first ten NHS staff to die from Covid-19 were from Black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds, and evidence has since confirmed that the impact of Covid-19 on this section of the workforce has been significant,” レポートは言った.
          The lawmakers said it was a “間違い” to allow patients to be transferred from hospitals to care homeswithout adequate testing or rigorous isolationshown in places like Germany and Hong Kong.
          “この, combined with untested staff bringing infection into homes from the community, led to many thousands of deaths which could have been avoided,” レポートは言った.
          In its recommendations, the report said the government should ensure itslevelling upagenda includesspecific policies to reduce health inequalities, with a particular focus on ensuring that certain groups, including people from Black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds, do not continue to face unequal health outcomes.

          Vaccine success

          One area of the UK’s pandemic performance that succeeded was its speedy vaccine development and effective deployment, レポートは言った.
            The government presciently identified that a vaccine would be the long-term route out of the pandemic and supported the research and development of a number of Covid-19 vaccines,” レポートは言った.
            It added the programhas been one of the most effective initiatives in the history of UK science and public administrationand a result of which ismillions of lives will ultimately be saved.