研究, 行方不明の移民プロジェクトによって実施され、国際移住機関によって発行されました (IOM), 少なくとも記録された 1,238 南北アメリカでの移住中の死亡 2021, 少なくとも 728 of those deaths occurring on the U.S-Mexico border.
“The number of deaths on the United States-Mexico border last year is significantly higher than in any year prior, even before COVID-19,” Edwin Viales, author of the report, 前記. “まだ, this number remains an undercount due to the diverse challenges for data collection.”
“Our data shows the growing crisis of deaths during migration in the region, and the need to strengthen the forensic capacity of the authorities to identify deaths on these routes,” 彼が追加した. “We cannot forget that every single number is a human being with a family who may never know what happened to them.”
The study cites the Venezuelan economic crisis as a major factor that has driven people from their home countries and forced them to take “irregular routes, including overseas crossings to Caribbean nations.”
The dangers of the crossing made headlines last week after the discovery of a tractor-trailer in San Antonio, テキサス, containing 46 migrants who died そして 16 who required immediate hospitalization. Some of those taken to the hospital died shortly after arrival.
The victims came from Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras, highlighting the scope of the migration route. IOM reported that this brought the total number of victims along the border to 493 にとって 2022 1人.