US bans imports from China's Xinjiang region over forced labor concerns

The United States banned all goods produced in China’s western Xinjiang region on Tuesday, a seguito dell'emanazione di una legge sul lavoro forzato firmata dal presidente Joe Biden lo scorso anno.

The US already had several restrictions in place for imports from Xinjiang, where rights groups say Uyghurs and other ethnic and religious minorities have faced a raft of human rights abuses, including being placed in mass internment camps.
Under the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, passed at the end of 2021, Dogana e protezione delle frontiere degli Stati Uniti (CBP) will now block all imports made in the region. It will also block goods made by firms outside the region, whose links with Xinjiang companies or the Xinjiang government make them complicitin the Department of Commerce’s viewin forced labor practices.
      Importers should prove to authorities with ‘clear and convincing evidencethat the goods are not produced by forced labor should they want to resume the imports,” the CBP said.
        US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said that the ban underscores the Biden administration’s commitment to combating forced labor everywhere.
          We are rallying our allies and partners to make global supply chains free from the use of forced labor, to speak out against atrocities in Xinjiang, and to join us in calling on the government of the (People’s Republic of China) to immediately end atrocities and human rights abuses, including forced labor,” Blinken said.
          The Chinese Ministry of Commerce responded on Tuesday by saying it wasresolutely opposedto the ban, which it saidgravely hurts the interests of companies and consumers in both countries.
          The truth is Chinese laws explicitly ban forced labor,” the ministry said, adding that China will takenecessary actionsto protect its national interests.
          The CBP has ramped up efforts in recent years to block goods from Xinjiang, under both the Trump and Biden administrations. Nel 2020, the US government announced it would block imports of cotton from Xinjiangbuilding on other orders restricting such products from entering the US.
          The State Department has estimated that since 2017, up to two million Uyghurs and members of other ethnic groups have been imprisoned in a shadowy network of internment camps where they are reportedlysubjected to torture, cruel and inhumane treatment such as physical and sexual abuse, forced labor, and death.
            China has described the facilities asvocational training centers,” and claimed in 2019 such centers had been closed. Officials have consistently denied all allegations of human rights abuses in Xinjiang.
            Western governments and human rights organizations have alleged that minorities in the region have been subjected to forced labor through job creation schemes that the Chinese government says are aimed at achievingpoverty alleviation.Workers who have participated in those job programs have told CNN that if they did not take the jobs they were offered, for a fraction of the usual rate of pay, they were warned they would be sent to camps.

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