The non-governmental independent Uyghur Tribunal was founded in 2020 by Nice, a British barrister and international human rights lawyer, at the urging of Uyghur activists.
Nice was among several British individuals and entities sanctioned by the Chinese government in March this year in retaliation for British sanctions on Chinese officials over human rights violations in Xinjiang.
The tribunal has no powers of sanction or enforcement
, but vows to
“act wholly independently
” en “confine itself to reviewing evidence in order to reach an impartial and considered judgment on whether international crimes are proved to have been committed
” by China
, according to its webwerf
China’s ambassador to the United Kingdom, Zheng Zeguang, has called the Uyghur Tribunal a “political manipulation aimed at discrediting China.”
“The organization has been designed to tarnish the image of China
, mislead the public here
, spoil the goodwill between the Chinese people and the British people and disrupt the smooth development of the China-UK relationship
,” Zheng op 'n nuuskonferensie gesê
, a spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry
, has called the tribunal a
“pure anti-China farce
The United States State Department estimates up to 2 million Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities have passed through a sprawling network of detention centers across Xinjiang, where former detainees allege they were subjected to intense political indoctrination, forced labor, torture, and even sexual abuse.
Human rights groups and overseas Uyghur activists have also accused the Chinese government of forced cultural assimilation and coerced birth control and sterilization against Uyghurs
The US government has beskuldigde China of committing genocide and crimes against humanity in Xinjiang
, as have lawmakers and rights groups in the Verenigde Koninkryk
Beijing vehemently denies allegations of human rights abuses, insisting the camps are voluntary “vocational training centers” designed to stamp out religious extremism and terrorism.
In Maart, the US along with the European Union, Canada and the UK announced sanctions on Chinese officials over human rights violations in Xinjiang. China responded almost immediately by imposing a raft of tit-for-tat sanctions, as well as travel and business bans.
Soos die 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics approaches, international pressure over China’s treatment of Uyghurs has been building, with activists calling for a boycott of the Games.
Maandag, die Biden administration said it would not send an official US delegation to the Games as a statement against China’s
“ongoing genocide and crimes against humanity in Xinjiang
” — though American athletes will still be allowed to compete in Beijing
Sedertdien, Australië, the UK and Canada have joined the US in the diplomatic boycott
At a news conference Wednesday, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said “human rights abuses and issues in Xinjiang” were some of the concerns raised by the Australian government with Beijing.
Also on Wednesday
, the US House of Representatives passed a bill that would ban the importation of goods from Xinjiang over concerns about forced labor
. Die “Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act
” was passed by an overwhelming
428-1. It must also pass the Senate and be signed by US President Joe Biden to become law