Vox article mocked for calling term 'invasive species' problematic because it has 'nativist bias'

the Sunday piece, 自由记者玛丽娜·博洛特尼科娃将某些物种的被迫迁移归咎于气候变化, 批评一些政府为终止这些物种而采取的措施, likened their treatment to the experiences of immigrants and suggested the term “侵入性的” wasn’t appropriate to describe the migrating groups.

Ecologists expect climate change to create mass alterations in the habitats of these ‘range-shiftingor ‘climate-tracking’ 种类, as they’re sometimes called, which will reshuffle ecosystems in ways that are hard to predict. The migrations are critical to species’ ability to survive hotter temperatures,” Bolotnikova wrote, citing instances of dark unicorn snails migrating from Mexico to California as an example.

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Bolotnikova said that the scientific community largely viewed that sort of habitat shift as agood thing,” but that governments and the general public wereless forgiving.

‘Invasive speciesis a concept so ingrained in American consciousness that it’s taken on a life of its own, coloring the way we judge the health of ecosystems and neatly dividing life on Earth into native and invasive,” 她写了.

“数十年, invasion has been a defining paradigm in environmental policy, determining what gets done with limited conservation budgets. Species deemed invasive have often been killed in gruesome ways,” 她补充说. “Even though invasion biologists readily point out that many non-native species never become problematic, the invasion concept almost by definition makes scientists skeptical of species moving around.

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The brown tree snake, an invasive species that costs Guam millions and has killed six species of bird to date.

The brown tree snake, an invasive species that costs Guam millions and has killed six species of bird to date. (我们. Fish and Wildlife Service)

Bolotnikova claimed that a growing number of scientists and environmental philosophers were starting to question if a conceptdefined by a speciesgeographic origincould actually capture theethical and ecological complexities of life on a rapidly changing planet.

She argued that it wascrucialto get right how to handle continued disruption of ecosystems in the 21st century, something she said would become more true as climate change and habitat loss accelerated. She then detailed arguments by some scientists that species referred to asrange-shiftersshouldn’t be referred to as “侵入性的,” but rather asthe refugees of climate change that need our assistance.

Climate change and the range shifts it’s causing are extraordinary circumstances. If a species flees a habitat that is burning or melting, is it ever fair to call it invasive?” Bolotnikova wrote. “Even outside of a climate context, this tension reflects a more fundamental problem within the invasive species paradigm. If the label is so stigmatizing that the only appropriate response feels like extermination, perhaps something else needs to take its place.

BERLIN, GERMANY - 可能 08: Caught red swamp crayfish (procambarus clarkii, also known as Louisiana crayfish) are presented during a media opportunity in waters in Tiergarten park on May 8, 2018 in Berlin, 德国. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

BERLIN, GERMANY – 可能 08: Caught red swamp crayfish (procambarus clarkii, also known as Louisiana crayfish) are presented during a media opportunity in waters in Tiergarten park on May 8, 2018 in Berlin, 德国. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images) (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

She later referred to conservationist efforts in North Carolina to prevent coyotes from mating with endangered red wolves as bearinguncomfortable parallels to Western preoccupations with racial purity.

That’s why some scientists look askance at the influence of invasion biology and argue that the field has a baked-in, nativist bias on documenting negative consequences of introduced species and preserving nature as it is,” 她写了.

“更重要的是, the very notion of ‘invasiondraws on a war metaphor, and media narratives about non-native species are remarkably similar to those describing enemy armies or immigrants,” Bolotnikova added before citing a news story that referred to armadillosbesiegingNorth Carolina aspests” 和 “freakish.

“[故事] also gawked at the animal’s ‘booming reproduction rate,’ an allegation that, not coincidentally, is leveled against human migrants,” 她写了.

The article drew an amused reaction, with some poking fun at the “醒来” biology at display and disparaging Vox for criticizing a legitimately scientific phrase as not politically correct.

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