'We need to make changes': 16 states and Puerto Rico pitch themselves to go first on the Democratic presidential nominating calendar

华盛顿州, 直流电 Democratic Party leaders are meeting this week to hear pitches from 16 states and Puerto Rico, which want to hold the first presidential nominating contests in 2024, as the party moves forward with reevaluating its primary schedule.

The focus will especially be on Iowa, which is proposing dramatic changes to its complicated system as it aims to maintain itsfirst in the nationstatus in the face of criticism of the caucus process and of the state’s lack of diversity and competitiveness at the presidential level.
Democratic Party officials earlier this year approved a plan that requires any state that wants to hold a nominating contest before the first Tuesday in Marchincluding the traditional early four of Iowa, 新罕布什尔, Nevada and South Carolinato apply for permission.
    In the coming weeks, the Rules and Bylaws Committee will select up to five states using criteria that prioritize diverse battlegrounds that choose to hold primaries, not caucuses. That decision will then need to be approved by the full Democratic National Committee.
      Because the party is aiming to have every region of the country represented among the early group of states, and the positions of New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina are generally considered to be secure, it’s expected there will be fierce competition among other Midwestern states to be the alternative to Iowa.
        明尼苏达州, Michigan and Illinois are jockeying for that spot, but all three bids have potential problems of their own.

        Iowa changes

          Iowa’s proposal to the Rules and Bylaws Committee, the body tasked with setting the party’s nominating rules, calls for several simplifications to the caucus process.
          We recognize that caucuses, as they have been conducted since the 1970s, are no longer aligned with a vibrant and just twenty-first century democracy. In order to continue growing our party, we need to make changes,” the party’s application reads.
          No longer would Iowa Democrats have to gather on a weekday evening and separate into groups to indicate which candidates they support. 代替, caucusgoers would receive presidential preference cards in the weeks leading up to caucus night, which they would fill out and return. On caucus night itself, those results would be reported and the caucuses themselves would be more focused on party business.
          The change would also eliminate the process ofrealignment,” where if candidates didn’t hit a threshold of support, their backers would be able to select second choices. Under the proposed plan, Iowa Democrats would get only a single choice.
          The Iowa Democratic Party proposed contracting with an outside company or with election officials to run the process, a response to the organizational and communications problems that plagued its 2020 caucuses. The new plan would also eliminate much of the complicated math that volunteer caucus leaders have had to do, another element that caused issues in 2020.
          Iowa’s application also tries to answer other criticisms from party leadersespecially that the state is too White to be reflective of a diversifying national party and that the state, which former President Donald Trump won by 8 的百分比 2020, is no longer politically competitive.
          While the application acknowledges that Iowa’s racial breakdown doesn’t mirror the nation’s, it points to the state’s rural Latino communities and more diverse urban school districts as evidence that thereare diverse communities living, thriving, and dealing with complex political issues” 在爱荷华州.
          The application argues that Iowa presents a vital opportunity for Democrats to connect with rural voters who have shifted away from the party in the recent years and that without its early status, the state would continue to move toward Republicans.

          If not the Hawkeye State, then what?

          State parties had until June 3 to submit their applications. 本月初, the Democratic National Committee invited 16 states and Puerto Rico to move forward with the application process. 纽约, Nebraska and the group Democrats Abroad were the only applicants who didn’t make the cut.
          本星期, 科罗拉多州, 康乃狄克州, 特拉华州, 佐治亚州, 伊利诺伊州, 爱荷华州, 马里兰州, 密西根州, 明尼苏达州, 内华达州, 新罕布什尔, 新泽西州, 俄克拉荷马州, 波多黎各, 南卡罗来纳, Texas and Washington will make presentations to the Rules and Bylaws Committee.
          As Democratic parties in the states gear up for this week’s meeting, the Michigan Democratic Party released a trailer-like video narrated by former Detroit Pistons star Isiah Thomas. The video pitched Michigan as thebest place to pick a presidentand highlighted the Wolverine State’s diversity as well as its agriculture and automobile industries.
          同样地, Minnesota released a promotional video narrated by St. Paul Mayor Melvin Carter that emphasizes the state’s diversity, touts that it was the first Midwestern state to legalize same-sex marriage via legislation and calls itselfdemocracy’s North Star.
            But while Minnesota and Michigan are competitive and diverse, Democrats would need cooperation from Republicansthe state GOP in Minnesota or the Republican-controlled legislature in Michigan, to change the primary date. That process could be complicated because national Republicans don’t plan on disturbing Iowa’s place at the head of their calendar.
            另一方面, Illinois is a large, heavily Democratic state that’s anchored by a single major metropolitan areaall factors that could weigh against its bid.