The entire month of January is also National Human Trafficking Prevention Month.
“Human trafficking is one of the fastest growing criminal enterprises in the world and requires the collaboration of federal, 州, and local law enforcement to effectively combat,” former Acting Attorney General Matthew Whitaker told Fox News Digital on Monday evening.
“These challenges are exacerbated by a porous southern border,” Whitaker added. “During my time at the Department of Justice, we leveraged every resource to support victims and hold offenders accountable.”
What is human trafficking?
Human trafficking is defined by the Department of Homeland Security (国土安全部) as involving “the use of force, 舞弊, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act.”
每年, “millions of men, 女人, and children are trafficked worldwide — including right here in the United States,” the federal agency also says.
“It can happen in any community and victims can be any age, 种族, 性别, or nationality. 此外, traffickers might use violence, manipulation, or false promises of well-paying jobs or romantic relationships to lure victims into trafficking situations.”
Many people across the country are wearing blue on Jan. 11 and tagging social media posts with #WearBlueDay in an effort to create greater awareness about human trafficking and how to combat it.
Of note: Many people confuse human trafficking with human smuggling.
While human smuggling involves illegally moving a person across a border, from Mexico to the United States, for example — 人口贩运 involves the illegal exploitation of people regardless of citizenship status.
Human trafficking takes several forms. Anyone can be a victim.
Victims include men, 女人, 孩子们, 美国公民, and foreign nationals.
Common forms of human trafficking include forcing or manipulating victims to:
- exchange sex for money;
- provide labor in factories, 农场, or other businesses for low or no pay;
- submit to domestic servitude as nannies, maids, groundskeepers, or other household workers.
The forcing of children into sex work is a particularly tragic and horrifying example of human trafficking.
“Sex trafficking is a sub-category of human trafficking, where the ‘work’ consists of commercial sex acts and the victim is a minor or [是] being forced or coerced — sometimes both,” Maggy Krell, a former prosecutor and author of the new book, “Taking Down Backpage,” 告诉福克斯新闻数字.
“Many survivors have come forward over the years, sharing their own horror stories to insist on dignity and justice for all,” 她补充说.
The National Human Trafficking Hotline, to which DHS refers people who are seeking help, is operated by a nonprofit group, Polaris. The group says they’ve “assisted thousands of victims and survivors through the U.S. National Human Trafficking Hotline, helped ensure countless traffickers were held accountable, and built the largest known U.S. data set on actual trafficking experiences.”
The group also tries to dispel myths about 人口贩运 and provides statistics and information about this shocking crime.
例如, the trafficking hotline worked on 11,500 situations of human trafficking in 2019, Polaris noted. Through phone calls, 文字, web chats, web forms, and email, the hotline handled situations involving 22,326 individual survivors, 几乎 4,384 traffickers, 和 1,912 suspicious businesses.