Hispanic Heritage Month traces its history to
1968, when the observance was just a week long
. リンドンB大統領. Johnson signed a bill designating the week of September
15 なので “National Hispanic Heritage Week
,” による Office of the Historian and the Office of Art & Archives for the US House of Representatives
In the inaugural proclamation
, he wrote of the
“great contribution to our national heritage made by our people of Hispanic descent
— not only in the fields of culture
, 仕事, and science
, but also through their valor in battle.
“That was a period for sure, when Chicanos in the Southwest, Mexican Americans, Latinos across the country were demanding greater inclusion and representation politically, culturally, socially, economically — すべての,” said Geraldo Cadava, professor of history and Latina and Latino Studies at Northwestern University and author of “The Hispanic Republican.”
“It was a demand for greater inclusion and representation and acknowledgment that Latinos play an important role in the United States,” 彼は言った.
It wasn’t until nearly
20 years later that Hispanic Heritage Week was lengthened to an entire month under President Ronald Reagan
担当者. Esteban Torres of California had submitted a bill to expand it, saying in remarks at the time, “We want the public to know that we share a legacy with the rest of the country, a legacy that includes artists, writers, Olympic champions, and leaders in business, 政府, cinema, and science.”
Torres’ bill died in committee, but Sen. Paul Simon of Illinois submitted a similar bill that Reagan signed into law.
The contributions of Hispanics and Latinos to the United States are long and storied: Key pointed out that the first known colony in America was not Jamestown, but the Spanish colony of St. Augustine in Florida.
“Hispanics or Latinos … have fought in every war since the American Revolution,” 彼女は言いました. “They are business owners and veterans and teachers and public servants.”
彼女は付け加えた, “Latinos are Americans, and they form part of this American fabric.”
A growing population
But Hispanic Heritage Month is a chance for the country to acknowledge not only the rich history of its diverse Hispanic communities, but who they are today, said Felix Sanchez, chairman of the National Hispanic Foundation for the Arts.
“Hispanic Heritage Month gives us an opportunity to update the American people as to who Latinos are today,” 彼は言った, “to provide a contemporary context for all of our communities that are very different, that are part of the Latino ecosystem.”
Part of that contemporary context is the fact that Hispanics and Latinos make up an increasing portion of the overall US population.
ザ・ 2020 US Census showed that Hispanics and Latinos make up a fast-growing
, multiracial group
: に 2020, 62.1 million people identified as Hispanic or Latino
— 18% of the US population
. That number had grown
23% 以来 2010. Comparatively
, the US population not of Hispanic or Latino origin grew just
4.3%, census data shows
の間に 2010 そして 2020, just over half of the total US population growth — 51.1% — was due to growth among Hispanics or Latinos, per the Census Bureau.
This growth is just another reason why Hispanic Heritage Month is important, Key said. “If you’re 18% or so of the population, then you should also have representation, and we should celebrate and understand these communities that make up a large portion of the country’s population.”
Observing Hispanic Heritage Month
There are lots of ways to acknowledge Hispanic Heritage Month
, whether it’s engaging with books
, 映画, documentaries
— suggestions from Cadava include PBS’ documentary series on Latino America or the ポッドキャスト “Latino USA”
— or live programming related to Hispanics and Latinos and their history in the United States
“If that means in your local community, going to a Mexican Independence parade, of which there are many across the country, you should do that,” 彼は言った.
, museums like the Smithsonian have events and online learning resources for families to use as guided learning on Latinos and their communities
, 含む profiles of Latino patriots in military history
. People can also visit local museums
, 彼女は言いました, that have Latino content and collections
Or you can just speak with people in your neighborhood, Key said. “Talk to a friend, talk to a classmate, talk to a neighbor, talk to your grocer, or your local restaurant where you get your favorite tacos,” 彼女は言いました.
“People like to share about their culture and their communities. … Learn about who they are and why they are in the neighborhoods they’re in, and discover that we probably share more in common than we think.”
It’s important to note, experts said, that you can recognize and acknowledge that heritage at all times of the year, outside of the 30-day period between September 15 and October 15. Hispanic Heritage Month is a “month of introduction” or an “entry point,” Key said, to learn more about your neighbors, classmates and colleagues and their heritage.
“Ideally, Hispanic Heritage Month would be unnecessary,” Cadava said, 追加する, “Do you need a month that is essentially American History Month, when Latino heritage, Hispanic heritage and American heritage meant the same thing?”
Sanchez echoed that, telling CNN, “Hispanic Heritage Month is an opportunity for both the Latino community to reinforce its accomplishments but also to extend beyond the Latino community, to remind all Americans that we are American.”