대법원이 Roe v를 뒤집을 것인가?. 걸어 건너기? 다가오는 낙태 사건의 가능한 결과

법원은 Ro v v에서 획기적인 결정을 뒤집을 수 있지만. 걸어 건너기, 낙태를 합법화한, observers have suggested the justices could take more complicated paths to allowing states the power to impose greater restrictions on abortion.

The case – Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health – is based on Mississippi’s 15-week abortion ban, and could help craft a new standard for restrictions. This particular law offers the justices an opportunity to not only change abortion jurisprudence, but do so in a way that is substantially different from standards established in Roe or Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. 케이시, which reaffirmed Roe and set theundue burdenstandard.

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In this Nov. 6, 2020, 파일 사진, the Supreme Court is seen at sundown in Washington.

In this Nov. 6, 2020, 파일 사진, the Supreme Court is seen at sundown in Washington. (AP 사진 / J. 스콧 애플 화이트, 파일)

Here are some of the ways they might rule:

Strike down Mississippi’s law

A majority of justices could eliminate the 15-week ban, claiming that it violates longstanding precedent in Roe and Casey. 이 과정에서, it would likely uphold the idea that states can’t impose anundue burdenon women’s access to abortion prior to fetal viability.

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하나, the court’s more conservative composition, 6-3 since the addition of Justice Amy Coney Barrett, has prompted observers to downplay this possibility.

They argue that the fact the court took such a direct challenge to Roe indicates a willingness to reshape precedent. The same could be said of its decision not to immediately block Texasheartbeat law, which acts effectively as a six-week ban. It’s unclear how willing they are, 하나, as the court only needs four justices to agree to hear a case and five to issue a majority decision.

Overturn Roe and Casey

Both sides of the abortion debate have speculated that the Supreme Court might use Dobbs to deliver the death blow to Roe that conservative activists have sought for decades. An outright repeal of Roe would return the issue to state legislatures, which conservatives have long considered the proper democratic avenue for regulating access.

Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch and Supreme Justice Brett Kavanaugh attend the State of the Union address in the chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives on Feb. 4, 2020 워싱턴, D.C. (사진: Mario Tama/Getty Images)

Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch and Supreme Justice Brett Kavanaugh attend the State of the Union address in the chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives on Feb. 4, 2020 워싱턴, D.C. (사진: Mario Tama/Getty Images)

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